BIT World Travel Service
Escorted Tour - Nanjing Overview

First the nation's capital in the early years of the Ming dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644), then the capital of the Republic of China from 1911 to 1937, and now capital of Jiangsu Province, this bustling city of six million is left off many China itineraries, lacking many visible reminders of what has in fact been a highly tumultuous and storied past. Except for Zhongshan Ling, the tomb of Sun Yat-sen, the scope of Nanjing's attractions do not accurately reflect the magnitude and importance of its place in China's history, which is a shame, because the city deserves at least a day or two of your time. In addition to some Ming dynasty attractions, are reminders that Nanjing was also the seat of the Taiping Rebellion and the site of one of history's most brutal massacres. Spring and fall are the best times to visit, as Nanjing in the summer is well known as one of China's three furnaces.

Renowned Nanjing Tourist Attractions
Dr. Sun Yat-Sen’s Mausoleum

This magnificent mausoleum for Dr. Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan), widely revered as the founder of modern China, has become a mecca for Chinese tourists seeking to pay their respects. Sun Yat-sen died in Beijing in 1925 but wasn't interred here until 1929, when construction of the mausoleum was complete. In 1912, while hunting with friends in Zijin Shan, Sun had expressed his wish to be buried here. The tomb itself is at the end of a long, steep set of stairs beginning with a Memorial Archway made of white Fujian marble and capped by blue glazed tiles. Symbolizing the white sun on the blue background of the Kuomintang flag, the colors also marked a departure from the yellow tiles used to honor all of China's previous emperors. At the top of the 392-step grand tomb passage, a white marble statue of Dr. Sun sits under the pretty mosaic roof of the Memorial Hall. The Republican government's constitution is inscribed on the side walls. Dr. Sun's marble coffin lies in the hushed domed chamber in the back. On the way down, you'll be treated to a nice view of downtown Nanjing and its surroundings. Make sure to get here early or late in the afternoon, as the place fills up like a zoo.

Confucius Temple and Qinhuai River Scenic Area

In Confucius Temple and Qinhuai River scenic area, reputed as “A gorgeous place in the region to the south of the Yangtze River and a venue of elegent Nanjing” as well as “Five-kilometer bead curtain”, there are countless scenic spots as well as literary and historic anecdotes. With historical and cultural foundation symbolic of urban development lasting over 2000 years in Nanjing , it is one of the earliest important birthplaces of Nanjing and the most bustling cultural and commercial center in the history of Nanjing, representing its prosperity historically.

Kitschy it may be, but this is where you'll get a good idea of the modern interests of Nanjing's youth. Instead of a place of intense study and quiet contemplation, Confucius Temple is now the site for everything from tattoo parlors to pirated music stores selling the latest Mandarin hits.

Mingxiaoling Mausoleum

More peaceful than Sun Yat-sen's mausoleum is the tomb of the founder of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-98), also known as the Hongwu emperor. The tomb served as a model for subsequent Ming and Qing emperors' tombs in Beijing. The site has recently been polished up with funds from UNESCO after being deemed a World Heritage Site, but the explanations of the tombs are in Chinese only with strange diagrams. Zhu Yuanzhang was the only Ming emperor to be buried in Nanjing. The Sacrificial Palace, one of the tomb's main buildings built in 1383, houses memorial tablets. The Ming Tower, a rectangular citadel, served as the command point of the tomb. Nearby, Shixiang Luis a pleasant walkway half a kilometer long lined with stone carvings of 12 pairs of animals. The second half of the passageway, flanked by pairs of soldiers and mandarins, leads to Four Square Pavilion, which consists of a tall stone tablet enclosed by four walls. Built in 1413, the pavilion's tablet contains 2,000 characters inscribed with the life story of the emperor Zhu Yuangzhang, written by his son Zhu Di.

Recommended Tours:

Classic Nanjing Day Tour
Destination: Dr.SunYat-sen’s Mausoleum, Mingxiaoling Mausoleum, Confucius Temple and Qinhuai River Scenic Area
It’s a time to explore the history of Ming dynasty and renowned hero in China. Also, you'll get a good idea of the modern interests of Nanjing's youth. Confucius Temple has been a prosperous area from the old days. Dazzling shops, restaurants and entertainment places surround the traditional houses during the traditional Ming and Qing eras. Old architectural buildings can be found along the beautiful Qinhuai River.

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